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  ORIGAMI BASIC FOLDS and BASIC SHAPES



Origami uses basic folds and basic shapes to make it easier to create a model.
Understanding some of these basic folds and shapes is the first step in getting
a more experienced Origami folder.

Origami valley-fold    VALLEY-FOLD
The paper is folded to the front by doing a valley-fold
Origami valley-fold        Origami valley-fold
A valley-fold is indicated by              Now the paper is folded into
a dashed line                             a valley shape




Origami mountain-fold    MOUNTAIN-FOLD
The paper is folded backwards by doing a mountain-fold.
Origami mountain-fold        Origami mountain-fold
A mountain-fold is indicated by       Now the paper is folded into
a dash dotted line                a mountain-shape



Origami inside reverse fold    INSIDE REVERSE FOLD
The tip of the model or flap is folded to the inside.
Origami inside reverse fold        Origami inside reverse fold
Pull/fold the tip to the inside,           Now the tip is on the inside of the model
see arrow                                            




Origami outside reverse fold    OUTSIDE REVERSE FOLD
The tip of the model or a flap is folded inside out
Origami outside reverse fold        Origami outside reverse fold
Fold the tip to the left                        The backside of the paper is
(mirror wise on the other side)         on the outside now.




Origami rabbit ear fold    RABBIT EAR FOLD
The paper is folded into a rabbit ear like shape with these kind of folds.
Origami rabbit ear fold        Origami rabbit ear fold        Origami rabbit ear
Prefold both edges to the                 Fold both edges against each            The loose flap you've created
centerline                                            other, see arrows                                 is called an Origami rabbit ear




Origami squash fold    SQUASH-FOLD
A flap or part of the model is pressed flat by doing a squash-fold
Origami squash fold        Origami squash fold
Press this flap flat from above         Now the flap is squashed
                                                             




Origami BASIC SHAPES
Origami has lots of basic shapes, the three listed below are the ones I use most.
Basic shapes are used as a base for folding 'real' Origami models.
A flower with five petals is folded out of a basic shape with five points.
These five points are folded into better looking flower later. 


Origami preliminary base folding    The Preliminary Base
This basic shape is the one which is most used by Origami folders.
Origami preliminary base folding        Origami preliminary base folding        Origami preliminary base
Prefold in half over the 4 lines         Start with the two folds at 1,              This picture shows the
                                                              then the two folds at 2 and then        preliminary base

                                                              at 3 (all six lines are prefolded)




Origami waterbomb base folding    The WATERBOMB Base
This basic shape is used for models like a waterbomb or a balloon.
Origami waterbomb base folding        Origami waterbomb base folding        Origami waterbomb base
Prefold in half over these 4 lines     Start with the two folds at 1,              This picture shows the
                                                              then the two folds at 2 and then        waterbomb base

                                                              at 3 (all six lines are prefolded)



Origami blintz base folding    The BLINTZ Base
The four corners of a paper are folded to the center by doing a Blintz base
Origami blintz base folding        Origami blintz base
First, the paper is prefolded in          Then the four corners are folded
half over two lines to make the         to this centerpoint

centerpoint visible